What is the mission and primary function of naval aviation? Other countries look upon the United States as the leader of the free world. This accomplishment comes partly through our military strength achieved through sea power. Several naval officers became members of an interservice board. Their job was to observe and investigate the military possibilities of the new flying machine.

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What is the mission and primary function of naval aviation? Other countries look upon the United States as the leader of the free world. This accomplishment comes partly through our military strength achieved through sea power. Several naval officers became members of an interservice board. Their job was to observe and investigate the military possibilities of the new flying machine.

In and , naval officer observers were present at the public demonstrations staged by the Wright brothers. The mission of naval aviation is to support our naval forces. This support helps keep vital sea lanes open and denies their use to enemy forces in time of war. To accomplish this task, naval aviation has a primary function. The primary function of naval aviation is to closely coordinate with other naval forces Florida, was established and became the primary training facility for all naval aviators and enlisted aircrew personnel.

The following paragraphs chart the history of naval aviation from to the present. See figure When the U. There were 54 aircraft, 1 airship, 3 balloons, and 1 naval air station. By the end of WWI, naval aviation had 6, officers, 30, enlisted men, land air craft, and 1, flying boats and seaplanes.

Naval aviation had grown enormously and was well on its way. This date of purchase became the official birthday of naval aviation. The Wright brothers soon sold the Navy another aircraft. Curtiss and the Wrights agreed to train a pilot and a mechanic.

It became the first official aircraft carrier CV-1 supporting fighter and torpedo bomber squadrons. Eugene Ely landed on a foot wooden platform built on the after turret of the Pennsylvania fig. Then, Ely launched from the wooden platform and flew back to shore. The day of the "aircraft carrier" had arrived.

By the end of , the U. Navy had three aircraft, four pilots, and one naval air station located at Greenbury Point, near Annapolis, Maryland. The station eventually moved to North Island, California. The U. Congress declared a state of war with Japan. Eugene Ely in the first takeoff from a ship, November 14, The R-4D Skytrain was used for transport and cargo. Carrier-based aircraft attacked the Japanese task force and their landing forces.

This was the first major battle without opposing ships making contact. Naval aviation strength was 5, aircraft, 5, Navy and Marine Corps pilots, and 21, enlisted men. The Battle of Midway was the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

Japan suffered heavy losses to their ANF Figure Naval Aviation was approaching its golden anniversary, and support of the space program was made a priority as manned orbital flight became a reality. A carrier recovery ship, carrier-based helicopters, and specially trained crews carried out this mission. Five carriers took part in the Battle of Guadalcanal. Carrier-based aircraft flew interceptor patrols, offensive missions against shipping, and close air support for ground forces until the island was secured.

Navy enters the helicopter field of aviation by purchasing helicopters from U. Westinghouse developed the first turbojet engine 19A for the Navy. The United States becomes officially involved in the Vietnam conflict. Naval aviator, Alan B. Shepard Jr. The Navy commissioned its first helicopter squadronthe HU-1, and the first carrier landing was made by a U.

The first use of a pilot ejection seat for an emergency escape was made from an F2H-1 Banshee. Vertical replenishment by helicopters and picking up stores and delivering them to other surface combat ships began with the commissioning of the combat stores ship USS Mars AFS The United States is fully involved in the Vietnam conflict.

Seventh fleet air units begin operation Rolling Thunder, a systematic bombing of military targets throughout North Vietnam waged by land and sea based A-4 Skyhawks, F-4 Fanthoms, A-6 Intruders, and A-7 Corsair aircraft. Carrier aircraft went into action in the Korean conflict, which ended July 27, Fire broke out on the flight deck of the USS Forrestal CV and soon spread below decks igniting bombs and ammunition.

Heroic efforts brought the fire under control but damage to the ship and aircraft was severe. These were dead, 62 injured, and two missing and presumed dead. Guided, air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles were perfected and placed into operation. The Polaris, Sidewinder, Sparrow, and Petrel missiles became standard equipment. It was designed to bring planes aboard the ship in all weather without help from the pilot. Also, the first F8U-1 Crusader was delivered to the fleet.

The first operationally equipped jet plane in history to fly faster than 1, mph. Armstrong and Aldrin walked on the moon 20 and 21 July. Four naval aviators were selected as prospective astronauts under Project Mercurya program of space exploration and manned orbital flight. The Sikorsky HSS-2 amphibious, all weather, antisubmarine helicopter made its first flight. Navy to keep the sea lanes open. This required the reliability of established and upgraded weapons systems and materials.

By towing specially designed magnetic and acoustical equipment, the CH locates and activates enemy mines. The war continued in Vietnam. Combat amphibious assault operations commence on the island of Grenada. The Vietnam cease-fire was announced, and U. The Navy lost fixed-wing aircraft and 13 helicopters, and the Marine Corps lost fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters in enemy actions.

Operation Homecoming begins, which provides for the repatriation of prisoners of war POWs. Naval aviation celebrates its 75th anniversary while U. The F Tomcat, F Hornet, and A-6 Intruder aircraft conducted low-level bombing and fighter support for the operation. Helicopter Squadron HCS-5 was established. The first of its kind, with a primary mission of combat search and rescue strike rescue and special warfare support.

It operates the HH Seahawk. The Navy receives its new highly advanced, carrier-qualified, jet powered, turbofan S-3 Viking antisubmarine warfare aircraft that works in tandem with the SH-3 Sea King and SH-2 Seasprite helicopters in locating and tracking submarines.

The Navy launches massive aerial attacks with Tomahawk cruise missiles at predetermined targets in Iraq and Kuwait. Naval, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Allied aircraft of all types made a quick and decisive blow to the Iraqi ground and air forces, resulting in the liberation of Kuwait and the end of the Persian Gulf War.

Navy carrier forces and air wings responded to five crisis situations around the world. Secretary of Defense lifted the ban on combat flights for women and allows assignments on combat vessels. The specialties moved to the basic AD rating or other basic ratings. The first of many "female" naval aviators successfully pass fleet carrier qualifications in combat aircraft.

The USS Eisenhower becomes the first combat ship to receive permanently assigned women. Many other titles and changes to ratings occurred at that time. The entire U. Armed Services has regionalized and downsized, and U. New technology and the national interest will determine the future of the Navy, and Naval Aviation will always have a major role.

New ratings were established after In , additional E-8 and E-9 paygrades senior and master chief were established. During this period, the title of the Airman rate has not changed.

The advancement of aviation has caused the requirements of the rate to change. The requirements will continue to change in the future.


Airman Navedtra 14014

Figure Observe, collect, record, and analyze meteorological and oceanographic data. Make visual and instrumental observations of weather and sea conditions. Operate meteorological satellite receivers and interpret and apply satellite data.


US Navy Course NAVEDTRA 14014 - Airman

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