ALPHA-THETA BRAINWAVE TRAINING AND BETA-ENDORPHIN LEVELS IN ALCOHOLICS PDF

Veterans Administration Medical Center, Fort Lyon, Colorado , and University of Southern Colorado, Pueblo, CO An alpha-theta brainwave biofeedfack training program was applied as a novel treatment technique for chronic alcoholics. Following a temperature biofeedback pretraining phase, experimental subjects completed 15 min sessions of alpha-theta biofeedback training. Compared to a nonalcoholic control group and a traditionally treated alcoholic control group, alcoholics receiving brainwave training BWT showed significant increases in percentages of EEG record in alpha and theta rhythms, and increased alpha rhythm amplitudes. Alcoholics receiving BWT showed a gradual increase in alpha and theta brain rhythms across the 15 experimental sessions. Alcoholics receiving standard medical treatment abstinence, group psychotherapy, antidepressants showed a significant elevation in serum beta-endorphin levels at the conclusion of the experiment.

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Alpha states are often associated with meditation and deep states of calm. Research has been done into Zen monks that have found established differences in their brains due to meditation. Initially Kamiya, Green and Budzynski rewarded theta, alpha or both in order to facilitate twilight states of consciousness to encourage healing. Training sessions can be conducted twice a day, 7 days a week. What are Deep-states? These states are a natural part of the sleep-wake cycle. When we are awake we have a lot of beta activity, which helps us stay focused and on task during the day.

At night we have a high frequency of delta, the sleep wave. We transition from beta, to alpha, to theta to delta as night comes and we fall into deep sleep. The transition into sleep creates a state of mind that mixes reality with subconscious images. When there is a predominance of theta the focus is on the internal world.

Alpha can therefore be seen as a bridge between the inner and outer worlds. Some clients report striking imagery and deep insights about their life. Traumatic events can be safely re-experienced. As the patient goes into a deep state of consciousness alpha amplitude decreases and theta increases.

When theta exceeds alpha it is called a cross-over. It is important to also have the patient engage in talk therapy as many issues can be brought up that the patient will need to be debriefed on. It is important for the therapist to have an understanding of trauma, recovery and even addiction. Patients need coping skills, CBT skills and grounding techniques.

They also need an emotional support base. Each session begins with minutes of constructive visualisation. This visualisation can be an image of the ideal self , a temptation scenario where they abstain or scenarios of entering into conflict and coping assertively. Debriefing may take another minutes. The patient is expected to keep a log of each session.

Patients come in once a week, have minutes of counselling and then train for around minutes. It can facilitate twilight states for the purpose of opening up and resolving psychological depth issues. It has been used in peak performance training as well as psychological depth work. In some cases alpha is the only reward because theta is already too high. Most forms of slow-wave enhancement are done in a quiet room, with eyes closed in a reclined position.

Sensor placement Sensory placement is always posterior. Compare alpha and theta levels across the hemispheres. For example, in patients with ADHD. These investigations prompted a reexamination of EEG neurofeedback as a treatment modality for alcohol abuse. Successful outcome results included a increased alpha and theta brainwave production; b normalized personality measures; c prevention of increases in beta-endorphin levels; and d prolonged prevention of relapse.

These findings were shown to be significant for experimental subjects who were compared with traditionally treated alcoholic subjects and non-alcoholic control subjects.

Subjects in several studies were chronic alcoholic male veterans, some of whom also suffered from combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. For many subjects, pharmacological treatment was not generally beneficial. Data suggested that alpha-theta brainwave neurofeedback training appeared to have potential for decreasing alcohol craving and relapse prevention. Training sessions using the Menninger alpha-theta protocol typically last 30 minutes.

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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. Alpha-theta brainwave training and beta-endorphin levels in alcoholics. An alpha-theta brainwave biofeedfack training program was applied as a novel treatment technique for chronic alcoholics. Following a temperature biofeedback pretraining phase, experimental subjects completed 15 min sessions of alpha-theta biofeedback training. Compared to a nonalcoholic control group and a traditionally treated alcoholic control group, alcoholics receiving brainwave training BWT showed significant increases in percentages of EEG record in alpha and theta rhythms, and increased alpha rhythm amplitudes. Alcoholics receiving BWT showed a gradual increase in alpha and theta brain rhythms across the 15 experimental sessions. Alcoholics receiving standard medical treatment abstinence, group psychotherapy, antidepressants showed a significant elevation in serum beta-endorphin levels at the conclusion of the experiment.

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On the MCMI prior to treatment, both groups of alcoholics showed significantly higher scores than non-alcoholics on scales measuring factors labeled schizoid, avoidant, passive-aggression, drug abuse, alcohol abuse, anxiety and dysthymia. Administration of EEG alpha-theta brainwave treatment was accompanied by significant decreases in MCMI scales labeled schizoid, avoidant, passive aggression, schizotypal, borderline, paranoid, anxiety, somatoform, dysthymia, alcohol abuse, psychotic thinking, a and psychotic delusion. Alcoholics receiving standard medical treatment showed significant decreases only in two MCMI scales, avoidant and psychotic thinking and an increase in on scale — compulsive. On the 16 PF prior to treatment, both groups of alcoholics were significantly more affected by feelings, submissive, shy, apprehensive, and tense. EEG alpha-theta brainwave treatment corresponded to significant increases in warmth, abstract thinking, stability, conscientiousness, boldness, imaginativeness, and self-control.

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Alpha-theta brainwave training and beta-endorphin levels in alcoholics.

Peniston, Ed. Make a donation Please finish the form below Thank you! Your submission has been received! Something went wrong while submitting the form Make a donation Please finish the form below Thank you! Much of this initial research associated changes in EEG state with different states of consciousness Basmajian, Researchers learned that certain tasks, such as mental arithmetic, reduce or suppress alpha wave production. Furthermore, researchers found that these changes in brain activity were positively correlated with changes in electromyographic EMG activity and skin temperature.

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