Replacing the cult of God by respect and love of humanity, we proclaim human reason as the only criterion of truth; human conscience as the basis of justice; individual and collective freedom as the only source of order in society. Freedom is the absolute right of every adult man and woman to seek no other sanction for their acts than their own conscience and their own reason, being responsible first to themselves and then to the society which they have voluntarily accepted. It is not true that the freedom of one man is limited by that of other men. Man is really free to the extent that his freedom, fully acknowledged and mirrored by the free consent of his fellowmen, finds confirmation and expansion in their liberty.
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Vudolkis The freedom of adults is possible only when the free society looks after the education of minors. Absolute freedom to organize associations even rrvolutionary allegedly immoral purposes including even those associations which advocate the undermining or destruction of individual and public freedom. He despises and hates the existing social morality in all its manifestations.
Affinity group Synthesis anarchism Platformism. Commercial and industrial crises, stagnation unemploymentwaste of capital, etc. It is superfluous to speak of solidarity among revolutionists. The same goes for the bourgeois: The same causes are bound to produce the same effects; the nobility, weakened and demoralized by depraved idleness, fell in under the blows of the revolutionary serfs and workers.
Equality does not imply the leveling of individual differences, nor that individuals should revoputionary made physically, morally, or mentally identical. Such a revolution would be folly, a catastrophe for the isolated country and would, in effect, constitute a crime against all the other nations.
The provincial parliament will enact legislation defining the rights and obligations of individuals, communes, and associations in relation to the provincial federation, and the penalties for violations of its laws. It is impossible to determine a concrete, universal, and obligatory norm for the internal development and political organization of every nation. Bakunin was not alone; everybody conspired — the Poles, the Italians, the Russians, the Blanquists, and the nascent unions camouflaged as social clubs.
To imbue the masses with this consciousness and to prevent the deformation of the revolution, Bakunin felt that the revoultionary alternative was to organize the secret International Fraternity.
Convinced that their emancipation and the achievement revoluitonary this happiness can only revolutionayr about as a result of an all-destroying popular revolt, the Society will use all its resources and energy toward increasing and intensifying the evils and miseries of the people until at last their patience is exhausted and they are driven to a general uprising.
At this time we can only speculate about, but not determine, the immense development that they will doubtlessly exhibit in the new political and social conditions of the future.
These must be exploited in every possible way; they must be implicated and embroiled in our affairs, their dirty secrets must be ferreted out, and they must be transformed bakujin slaves. For this reason, but only for this reason, he will study mechanics, revolugionary, chemistry, and perhaps medicine.
The revolutionist catechismm that in the very depths of his being, not only in words but also in deeds, he has broken all the bonds which tie him to the civil order [ grazhdanskim poriadkom ] and the civilized world with all its laws, moralities, and customs, and with all its generally accepted conventions. Abolition not of the natural family but of the legal family founded on law and property.
The Anarchist Library: Michail Bakunin Revolutionary Catechism a4 In Bakunin founded the secret International Revolutionary Association better known as fatechism International Fraternity which published its program and statutes in in three related documents: It will reserve, however, the right of the communes to diverge on secondary points, though not on fundamentals. Abolition of all criminal, civil, and legal codes now administered in Europe: In carrying out acts of destruction, each one should act alone, never running to another for advice and assistance, revolutionqry when these are necessary for the furtherance of the plan.
This will include an industrial parliament, supplied by the associations with precise and detailed global-scale statistics; by harmonizing supply and demand the parliament will distribute and allocate world industrial production to the various nations. Unlimited freedom of propaganda, speech, press, public or private assembly, with no other restraint than the natural salutary power of public opinion.
Reason, bakujin, justice, respect for fellowmen, the sense of personal dignity which is inseparable from the dignity of others, love of personal freedom and the freedom of all others, the conviction that work is the base and condition for rights — these must be the fundamental principles of all public education.
This would leave the way open for a bureaucratic administrative apparatus. Revoluttionary artificial separation between manual and intellectual labor must give way to a new social synthesis. Catechism of a Revolutionary — Wikipedia Comrades should compile a list of those to be condemned according to the relative gravity of their crimes; and the executions should be carried out according to the prepared order. We believe also that the holy alliance of the world counterrevolution and the conspiracy of kings, clergy, nobility, and the bourgeoisie, based on enormous budgets, on permanent armies, on formidable bureaucracies, and equipped with all the monstrous apparatus of modern centralized states, constitutes an overwhelming force; indeed, that this formidable reactionary coalition can be destroyed only by the greater power of the simultaneous revolutionary alliance and action of all the people of the civilized world, that against this reaction the isolated revolution of a single people will never succeed.
The commune must also accept the judgments of the provincial tribunal and any measures ordered by the government of the province. Economic and social equality means the equalization of personal wealth, but not by restricting what a man may acquire by his own skill, productive energy, and thrift. Human labor, in general, is still divided into two exclusive categories: Applied to international polity these principles are:. As the child grows older, authority will give way to more and more liberty, so that by adolescence he will be completely free and will forget how in childhood he had to submit unavoidably to authority.
Experience, on the contrary, demonstrates that a repressive and authoritarian system, far from preventing, only increases crime; that public and private morality falls catechim rises to the extent that individual liberty is restricted or enlarged.
Our task is terrible, total, universal, and merciless destruction. Intelligent and free labor will necessarily be collective labor. He is catapulted into life, defenseless, without initiative and without his own will. Related Posts
Source: Russian Anarchism. Nechayev was born September 20, He died at age 35 in prison, on December 3, — from dropsy complicated by scurvy. He was convicted for the murder of a fellow student, but his real crimes were political. He frightened the state because he claimed to head a secret society four million strong. In truth, it was a small group, maybe a few hundred, mainly of St. Petersburg students.
BAKUNIN REVOLUTIONARY CATECHISM PDF
Written: while in prison in Russia, and by command of the Czar, in ; Source: Bakunin on Anarchy, translated and edited by Sam Dolgoff, In Bakunin founded the secret International Revolutionary Association better known as the International Fraternity which published its program and statutes in in three related documents: The International Family, the Revolutionary Catechism, and the National Catechism, in which Bakunin outlined the basic tenets of his doctrine. They are, as H. They were reproduced in the original French in Dr. Nettlau made fifty copies of them which he deposited in the principal libraries of the world. The men who, in Italy, founded the Fraternity with Bakunin were former disciples of the republican nationalist Giuseppe Mazzini, from whom they acquired their fondness for secret societies. Bakunin was not alone; everybody conspired — the Poles, the Italians, the Russians, the Blanquists, and the nascent unions camouflaged as social clubs.
The Revolutionary Catechism
Samugar It would lead to a worse evil, namely, the restoration of authoritarian institutions. Be that as it may, we can already proclaim this fundamental principle: We can only point out here the two fundamental and indispensable principles which must be put into effect by any country seriously trying to organize a free society. Communes refusing to accept the provincial laws will not be entitled to its benefits. For this is a form of politics which locks each country into a self-made fortress, shutting out the rest of humanity, organizing itself into a closed world, independent of all human solidarity, finding its glory and prosperity in the evil it can do to other countries.