JOSE MARIA ARGUEDAS YAWAR FIESTA PDF

Learn how and when to remove this template message Jose Maria Arguedas was born on 18 January in Andahuaylas , a province in the southern Peruvian Andes. He later took up studies in Ethnology, receiving his degree in and his doctorate in Between and he was sent to prison for protesting an envoy sent to Peru by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Arguedas also worked for the Ministry of Education, where he put into practice his interests in preserving and promoting Peruvian culture, in particular traditional Andean music and dance. Arguedas shot himself on November 29, in his office at the National Agrarian University in La Molina [3] , leaving behind very specific instructions for his funeral, a diary depicting his depression, and a final unfinished manuscript, The Fox From Up Above and the Fox From Down Below.

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Learn how and when to remove this template message Jose Maria Arguedas was born on 18 January in Andahuaylas , a province in the southern Peruvian Andes. He later took up studies in Ethnology, receiving his degree in and his doctorate in Between and he was sent to prison for protesting an envoy sent to Peru by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.

Arguedas also worked for the Ministry of Education, where he put into practice his interests in preserving and promoting Peruvian culture, in particular traditional Andean music and dance. Arguedas shot himself on November 29, in his office at the National Agrarian University in La Molina [3] , leaving behind very specific instructions for his funeral, a diary depicting his depression, and a final unfinished manuscript, The Fox From Up Above and the Fox From Down Below.

He depicts his struggle between his desire to authentically illuminate the life of the Andean Indians and his personal anguish trapping him in depression : But since I have not been able to write on the topics chosen and elaborated, whether small or ambitious, I am going to write on the only one that attracts me--this one of how I did not succeed in killing myself and how I am now wracking my brains looking for a way to liquidate myself decently Literary career[ edit ] Arguedas began his literary career by writing short stories about the indigenous environment familiar to him from his childhood.

He wrote in a Spanish highly influenced by Quechua syntax and vocabulary. By the time he published his first novel in , Yawar Fiesta "Blood Fest" , he had begun to explore the theme that would interest him for the rest of his career: the clash between Western "civilization" and the Indigenous"traditional" way of life.

Yet he also was conscious of the simplistic portrayal of the indigenous peoples in other "indigenista" literature and worked hard to give the Andean Indians a true voice in his works. This effort was not always successful as some critics contend that Arguedas portrayed Indian characters as too gentle and childlike.

Arguedas was moderately optimistic about the possibility of a rapprochement between the forces of "tradition" and the forces of "modernity" until the s when he became more pessimistic. In his last unfinished work, El zorro de arriba y el zorro de abajo "The Fox From Up Above and the Fox From Down Below," , he abandoned the realism of his earlier works for a more postmodern approach.

This novel expressed his despair, caused by his fear that the "primitive" ways of the Indians could not survive the onslaught of modern technology and capitalism. At the same time that Arguedas was becoming more pessimistic about race relations in his country, younger Peruvian intellectuals became increasingly militant, often criticizing his work in harsh terms for his poetic, romanticized treatment of indigenous and rural life. Fiction[ edit ] - Agua.

Los escoleros. Warma kuyay. Collection of short stories. Revised in Pongoq mosqoynin; qatqa runapa willakusqan. Unfinished novel, published posthumously. Describes the crises that would lead to his suicide. Posthumous collection of short stories. Arguedas wrote his poems in Quechua and later translated them into Spanish. Huc jayllikunapas. Anthropology and folkloric studies[ edit ] - Canto kechwa.

Includes an essay on the artistic and creative abilities of Indians and mestizos. Bilingual edition Quechua and Spanish , compiled while Arguedas was imprisoned for participating in a student protest.

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Yawar Fiesta (novela)

Plot[ edit ] The novel relates one of the most traditional customs of the indigenous communities of Peru: the "Indigenous bullfight", that takes place every year on the 28th of July, the anniversary of the founding of Peru. The indigenous bullfight is a spectacular event where a bull which wears a "pampon" must confront one or two hundred "Indians" who can be professional toreros or spontaneous "capeadores". With this, the very essence of the festival is threatened, but it is ultimately carried out anyway, the Indians reinstating their tradition in the eyes of the village leaders. On this occasion one of the Indian capeadors matador assistants , nicknamed Honrao, was gored by the bull. In Arguedas published two stories which preceded the novel. His desire to remake the story was interrupted by his stay at the El Sexto prison, between , therefore he could only re-start writing in the second half of , after attending the Indian Congress of Patzcuaro, in Mexico.

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