KONSTYTUCJA UNIVERSI DOMINICI GREGIS PDF

Se una qualsiasi infrazione a questa norma venisse compiuta e scoperta, sappiano gli autori di essa che saranno soggetti a gravi pene a giudizio del futuro Pontefice. Soltanto gravissime e urgenti ragioni, accertate dalla Congregazione particolare dei Cardinali, di cui al n. Coloro che, in qualsiasi modo, secondo quanto previsto al n. Tale obbligo al segreto concerne anche i Cardinali non elettori partecipanti alle Congregazioni generali a norma del n. I primi tre estratti fungeranno da Scrutatori, i secondi tre da Infirmarii, gli altri tre da Revisori.

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Contents[ edit ] Universi Dominici gregis consists of an introduction followed by a body of 92 numbered sections, normally just one paragraph but occasionally more than one, and a concluding "Promulgation", which activates the document. The body is divided into two parts, but the 92 sections are numbered continuously.

Part One During a sede vacante , the College has no power in things which pertain to the pope during his lifetime or of his office. Any such act that the College exercises beyond the limits expressly permitted by this document is null and void. To be eligible to vote, a cardinal must be no more than eighty years of age on the day before the death or resignation of the pope. There is no restriction on the number of cardinals over the age of A vote may or may not be taken on the afternoon of the first day.

If such a vote occurs, only one vote shall take place and it is counted separately for purposes of determining when a change in the balloting requirements can be made, as explained elsewhere in this constitution. Excluding the afternoon of the first day, a maximum of four votes are taken each day, two votes in the morning and two in the afternoon. On the first 33 ballots taken or 34, if a ballot was cast on the afternoon of the first day , a pope shall be elected by a vote of two-thirds of those participating in the conclave.

Thereafter, an absolute majority of the conclave participants may change the rule that a two-thirds vote is required for election to a different threshold, but a valid election always requires an absolute majority of the votes.

This was later modified by Benedict XVI. Part Two Chapter II deals with arrangements involving the public viewing and burial of the deceased pope and matters after his death and it provides for the organization of the College into a General Congregation and a Particular Congregation.

The General Congregation consists of the entire College of Cardinals. Attendance at meetings is mandatory for all cardinals who have arrived at the Vatican to participate in the selection of the new pope except for those over age 80, whose attendance is optional. This Congregation handles matters of major importance that cannot be handled by the Particular Congregation. The Particular Congregation consists of the Cardinal Camerlengo and three Cardinals, one from each order chosen by lot from the General Congregation.

Except for the Camerlengo, the term of each of these three cardinals is three days. This Congregation handles routine matters.

Any decision of a Particular Congregation cannot be changed by a later Particular Congregation, but only by a majority vote of the General Congregation. Secrecy[ edit ] Strict secrecy is to be ensured throughout the process. Anyone violating the security of the Vatican , introducing recording equipment, or communicating with a cardinal elector in any way, risks excommunication.

Other penalties are at the discretion of the incoming Pope. Participants are required to take oaths of secrecy. Methods of election[ edit ] Previously, in addition to secret ballot two other methods were allowed for the conduct of the election. A committee of nine to fifteen unanimously chosen cardinals might have been delegated, to make the choice for all election by compromise , per compromissum.

Alternatively, formal ballots could be discarded: in election by acclamation per acclamationem seu inspirationem the electors simultaneously shouted out the name of their preferred candidate.

Both of these methods have now been abolished: the rationale given was that either compromise or acclamation would not require each cardinal to express his preference. Also, these two methods tended to produce controversy , and in any case neither had been used for quite some timeā€”the last compromise election was of Pope John XXII in , and the last affirmation acclamation election was of Innocent XI in As a result, election by secret ballot is now the only valid method of electing a Pope.

Living quarters[ edit ] Universi Dominici gregis provided that Cardinals would be housed in Domus Sanctae Marthae , a building with dormitory type accommodation built within the Vatican City. Previously Cardinals were housed in improvised accommodations which were often noted for not being particularly comfortable.

Other[ edit ] New voting procedures allowed for the election of a pope by a simple majority in certain circumstances. For the first time in centuries cardinals were to be housed in apartments separate from the Sistine Chapel. The method by which a pope symbolically took office was made less specific. On 11 June , Pope Benedict XVI reinstated the requirement that a papal election require a two-thirds majority regardless of the number ballots taken.

He also amended the rules to declare automatic excommunication of any non-cardinal who broke the oath of secrecy of the College of Cardinals during the proceedings. Previously any such person was subject to punishment at the discretion of the new pope.

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Ius eligendi Romanum Pontificem ad Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae Cardinales exclusive pertinet, iis exceptis qui ante diem mortis Summi Pontificis vel ante diem quo Sedes Apostolica vacavit octogesimum aetatis annum iam confecerunt. Maximus autem Cardinalium electorum numerus centum viginti ne excedat. Prorsus ergo excluditur quodlibet electionis activae ius cuiuspiam alterius ecclesiasticae dignitatis aut laicae potestatis cuiusvis gradus et ordinis interventus. Si quando contingit ut Sedes Apostolica vacet dum aliquod Concilium Oecumenicum aut Episcoporum Synodus sive Romae sive in alio quovis orbis terrarum loco celebrantur, electio novi Pontificis a Cardinalibus electoribus, qui supra sunt dicti, solum et exclusive fieri debet, minime vero ab ipsis Concilio aut Synodo Episcoporum. Quapropter acta, quae quomodocumque rationem electionis faciendae vel collegium electorum temerario consilio immutare audeant, invalida et irrita declaramus. Quin immo perstantibus confirmatis hac in re cann. Itaque, nulla prorsus interiecta mora, cessare statim debent a quibuslibet conventibus, congregationibus, sessionibus et a quibusvis decretis seu canonibus vel conficiendis vel apparandis vel etiam promulgandis etsi confirmatis, sub poena nullitatis eorum; neque ulterius Concilio vel Synodo progredi licet quamlibet ob causam, etsi gravissimam et speciali mentione dignam, donec novus Pontifex canonice electus illa iterum assumi et continuari iusserit.

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Universi Dominici Gregis

Contents[ edit ] Universi Dominici gregis consists of an introduction followed by a body of 92 numbered sections, normally just one paragraph but occasionally more than one, and a concluding "Promulgation", which activates the document. The body is divided into two parts, but the 92 sections are numbered continuously. Part One During a sede vacante , the College has no power in things which pertain to the pope during his lifetime or of his office. Any such act that the College exercises beyond the limits expressly permitted by this document is null and void. To be eligible to vote, a cardinal must be no more than eighty years of age on the day before the death or resignation of the pope. There is no restriction on the number of cardinals over the age of A vote may or may not be taken on the afternoon of the first day.

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